World war 1 fought on the western front in which neither British nor German forces could gain more ground or force the other to retreat. Instead of moving around to fight large formal battles, each army stayed in trenches that mark their territory’s edges and attempted to wear the other side down with constant small attacks and occasional offensives.
When the first World war broke out in 1914, aviation was beginning. During the war years, the role played by fighter aircraft would change a lot. At first, aircraft were mainly used by the British military for reconnaissance, but later new technological advances allowed pilots to drop bombs and shoot down enemy aircraft. So, without further delay, let’s talk about the TOP 10 WORLD WAR 1 FIGHTER PLANES,
- TOP 10 WORLD WAR 1 FIGHTER PLANES
- AT NUMBER 10 IS NIEUWPORT 11, FRANCE
- AT NUMBER 9 IS ALBATROSS D.V, GERMANY
- AT NUMBER 8 IS SOPWITH PUP, UK
- AT NUMBER 7 IS SOPWITH CAMEL, UK
- AT NUMBER 6 IS SE5, UK
- AT NUMBER 5 IS SPAD Vll, FRANCE
- AT NUMBER 4 IS FOKKER DR-1, GERMANY
- AT NUMBER 3 IS FOKKER D-Vll, GERMANY
- AT NUMBER 2 IS AIRCO DH4, UK
- AT NUMBER 1 IS SPAD Xlll, FRANCE
- Share this:
- Like this:
TOP 10 WORLD WAR 1 FIGHTER PLANES
AT NUMBER 10 IS NIEUWPORT 11, FRANCE
LENGTH: 5.5m (18.1ft)
WEIGHT: 320kg (705lb)
ARMAMENT: 1 x Lewis or Hotchkiss Machine Guns
ENGINE: Le Rhone 9C (80hp)
CEILING: 5,000m (16,000ft)
RANGE: 250km (155mi)
SPEED: 162kmh (100mph)
The TOP 10 WORLD WAR 1 FIGHTER PLANES at number 10 is Nieuport 11. The Nieuport 11 was a French world war single-seat sesquiplane fighter aircraft. The type saw service with several of France’s military and give rise to the series of Nieuport fighters that remained in service until the 1920s.
Like many world war aircraft, the Nieuport 11 saw use by many different countries. Armament was not state of the art even for world war 1 standards due to the lack of an interrupted gear. A single machine gun mounted above the upper wing fired above the propeller arc.
Its mount allowed it to tipped back so the pilot could change the circular ammunition drum.
AT NUMBER 9 IS ALBATROSS D.V, GERMANY
LENGTH: 7.33m (24.1ft)
WEIGHT: 687kg (1,515lb)
ARMAMENT: 2 x LGM Machine Guns
ENGINE: Mercedes D. lllau (200hp)
CEILING: 5,700m (18,700ft)
RANGE: 350km (217mi)
SPEED: 186kmh (116mph)
In the list of TOP 10 WORLD WAR 1 FIGHTER PLANES, the Albatross D-V comes at number 9. The Albatross D-V was a fighter aircraft built by the German air force during world war 1. The D-V was the final development of the albatross D1 family and the last albatross fighter to see operational service.
Despite its well-known shortcomings in general obsolescence, approximately 2,500 D-V aircraft built before production halted in April 1918. Its armament was a double LMG machine gun fitted in front. It equips with the Mercedes piston engine developing 200 horsepower and a top speed of about 186 kilometers per hour.
AT NUMBER 8 IS SOPWITH PUP, UK
LENGTH: 5.8m (19.3ft)
WEIGHT: 357kg (787lb)
ARMAMENT: Vickers Machine Guns
ENGINE: Le Rhone 9C (80hp)
CEILING: 5,300m (17,500ft)
RANGE: 542km (337mi)
SPEED: 180kmh (112mph)
The Sopwith Pup was a British single-seat biplane fighter aircraft built by the Sopwith aviation company. With pleasant flying characteristics and excellent maneuverability, the aircraft proved very successful. Newer German fighters eventually outclassed the Pup, but it wasn’t replaced entirely on the western front until 1917.
The Pup’s Dolezal flying characteristics also made it ideal for aircraft carrier deck landing and takeoff experiments. It was fit with the Vickers machine fired forward through the propeller. Equipped with 80 horsepower engines up with Pup could attain a maximum speed of 180 kilometers per hour.
AT NUMBER 7 IS SOPWITH CAMEL, UK
LENGTH: 5.72m (18.9ft)
WEIGHT: 422kg (930lb)
ARMAMENT: 2 x Vickers Machine Guns
ENGINE: Clerget 98(130hp)
CEILING: 5,800m (19,000ft)
RANGE: 480km (300mi)
SPEED: 182kmh (113mph)
The Sopwith Camel is at number 7 in the list of TOP 10 WORLD WAR 1 FIGHTER PLANES .The Sopwith Camel was a successor to the Sopwith Pup and became one of the great war’s best-known fighter aircraft. The Camel was power by a single rotary engine and is an arm with a twin synchronized Vickers Machine Gun.
Though difficult to handle, it was highly maneuverable in an experienced pilot’s hands, a vital attribute in the era’s relatively low-speed low altitude dogfights. In total, Camel pilots had credit for downing 1,294 enemy aircraft more than any other allied fighter of the conflict. Unlike Pup, the Camel had a more potent engine that could fly a maximum speed of 182 kilometers per hour.
AT NUMBER 6 IS SE5, UK
LENGTH: 6.38m (20.11ft)
WEIGHT: 640kg (1,410lb)
ARMAMENT: 1 x Lewis + 1 x Vickers Machine Guns
ENGINE: Hispano/Wolseley Viper (150hp)
CEILING: 5,200m (17,000ft)
RANGE: 480km (300mi)
SPEED: 222kmh (138mph)
The royal aircraft factory SE5 was a biplane fighter aircraft and was one of the fastest aircraft during world war 1. In most respects, the SE5 had superior performance to the rival saw with Camel, although it was less immediately responsive to the controls.
The SE5 saw service with many countries from different continents. Its length was 6.38 meters, and its weight is 640 kilograms. The aircraft had a single Vickers machine gun. Unlike most world war one aircraft, the SE5 could carry 4 cooper bombs of 11 kilograms, each two under each lower wing. Its power plants were V8 engine that could develop 150 horsepower and a maximum speed of 222 kilometers per hour.
AT NUMBER 5 IS SPAD Vll, FRANCE
LENGTH: 6.08m (19.11ft)
WEIGHT: 500kg (1,102lb)
ARMAMENT: 1 x 0.303cal Vickers Machine Guns
ENGINE: Hispano-Suiza (150hp)
CEILING: 5,500m (18,000ft)
RANGE: 400km (250mi)
SPEED: 193kmh (120mph)
The Spad S-Vll comes at number 5 in the list of TOP 10 WORLD WAR 1 FIGHTER PLANES. The Spad S-Vll the first highly successful biplane fighter aircraft during the first world war. S-Vll was renowned as a sturdy and rugged aircraft with good climbing and diving characteristics like its successor.
It was also a stable gun platform all the pilots used to the more maneuverable Nieuport fighters found it heavy on the controls. A number of the famous aces flew it. It had served with more than 25 countries during the war.
Like most world war 1 planes, it equips with a Vickers machine gun with a V8 engine developing 150 horsepower. Spad S-Vll could fly a range up to 400 kilometers and a maximum speed of 193 kilometers per hour.
AT NUMBER 4 IS FOKKER DR-1, GERMANY
LENGTH: 5.77m (18.11ft)
WEIGHT: 406kg (895lb)
ARMAMENT: 2 x 7.92mm Maschinengewehr Machine Guns
ENGINE: Oberursel (110hp)
CEILING: 6,100m (20,000ft)
RANGE: 300km (190mi)
SPEED: 180kmh (110mph)
The Fokker DR-1 was arguably the most famous plane of world war 1. It was because it associates with the red baron.
The airframe is made of steel tubing that covers aircraft doped canvas. When it was empty, it weighed 406 kilograms. It had 110 horsepower engine and could fly a maximum speed of 180 kilometers per hour for a maximum time of 1 hour and 30 minutes at a maximum altitude of 14,000 feet.
Like most planes in world war 1, the Fokker DR-1 had a rotary engine with the propeller bolted directly onto the engine so that the engine and propeller rotated together.
AT NUMBER 3 IS FOKKER D-Vll, GERMANY
LENGTH: 6.95m (22.10ft)
WEIGHT: 670kg (1,477lb)
ARMAMENT: 2 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 Machine Guns
ENGINE: Mercedes/BMW Piston Engine (120-240hp)
CEILING: 6,000m (19,680ft)
RANGE: 266km (165mi)
SPEED: 189kmh (165mph)
The Fokker D-Vll was a German world war 1 fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz comes at number 3 in the list of TOP 10 WORLD WAR 1 FIGHTER PLANES. Germany produced around 3,300 D-Vll aircraft in the second half of 1918. In service with the lift strike craft, the D-Vll quickly proved itself to be a formidable aircraft.
The earliest production D-Vlls equips with 170 to 180 horsepower Mercedes, and production quickly switched to the intended standard engine, the higher compression 180 to 200 horsepower. This aircraft’s range was up to 266 kilometers and a maximum speed of 189 kilometers per hour.
AT NUMBER 2 IS AIRCO DH4, UK
LENGTH: 9.35m (30.8ft)
WEIGHT: 1083kg (2,387lb)
ARMAMENT: 303cal Vickers/Lewis Machine Guns + Bombs (up to 210kg)
ENGINE: Rolls-Royce Eagle (375hp)
CEILING: 6,700m (22,000ft)
RANGE: 770km (478mi)
SPEED: 230kmh (143mph)
The Airco DH4 was a British two-seat biplane, the first British two-seat light day bomber to have an effective defensive armament.
The DH4 intends to perform both aerial reconnaissance and day bomber missions. One of the design’s earlier aims was to be powered by a newly developed engine and tried it with several different engines, perhaps the best of which was the 375 horsepower Rolls-Royce Eagle engine.
The aircraft’s armament and ordnance consisted of one Vickers Machine Gun for the pilot and one Lewis gun mounting for the observer. Either it could carry a pair of 100-kilogram bombs or a maximum payload of 450-kilogram bombs.
AT NUMBER 1 IS SPAD Xlll, FRANCE
LENGTH: 6.25m (20.6ft)
WEIGHT: 601.5kg (1,326lb)
ARMAMENT: 2 x Vickers/M1917/M1918 Machine Guns + 4 Cooper Bombs
ENGINE: Hispano-Suiza (200hp)
CEILING: 6,800m (22,300ft)
RANGE: 276km (172mi)
SPEED: 211kmh (131mph)
At number 1 in the list of TOP 10 WORLD WAR 1 FIGHTER PLANES is Spad S-Xlll. The Spad S-Xlll was a further development of the successful spad S-Vll design, the latter eventually becoming outclassed by the newer and better German aircraft designs of world war 1. The S-Xlll would prove Spad’s success, adding yet another serviceable fighter aircraft to its resume and a formidable platform to the conflict.
The S-Xlll featured an increased wingspan, more powerful engines, dual machine gun systems, and more subtle design changes over the S-Vll. In the end, over 8,400 examples would roll off the assembly lines. One of the main differences between Spad Vll and Spad Xlll was that it could carry 4 bombs of a total of about 50 kilograms.